Before the advent of ivermectin a systemic parasiticidemite treatments could only provide a degree of control, rather than complete elimination of mange mites in guinea pigs. Given its apparent safety and effectiveness when used in correct doses, ivermectin is the preferred treatment for mites, especially mange mites.
Seeing a competent vet will assure that this medication's use is indicated and that it is appropriately administered. A vet may also provide topical treatment for open sores and infection caused by scratching and for crusty skin and other complications related to the mites. Because skin scrapings which would confirm mites are painful and unreliable, many savvy vets forgo them.
Ivermectin paste for PB pig
Scratching an area of skin infested by mites by hand may produce such pain and irritation in your guinea pig that it looks like it's having a fit.
Often a vet will administer ivermectin in the presence only of itching and hair loss, treating for other conditions such as fungal infections in the absence of improvement. It is important to note that your guinea pig may be suffering from more than one condition. Do everything you can to get proper treatment if mites are suspected. Remember that mange mites can kill. When mites are properly diagnosed, all your guinea pigs will need treatment and their living quarters must be cleaned.
Avoid future infections by quarantining and treating new animals if suspected of being carriers and practicing good husbandry. Some breeders will routinely treat new guinea pigs in quarantine since they can carry mites while showing no signs rather than risk infecting a whole herd of guinea pigs.
It is advised that a guinea pig weigh at least 12 ounces grams before treating with ivermectin. Ivermectin is reportedly safe when administered to pregnant animals.
Ivermectin is administered by a formula specifying the dosage in milligrams per kilo of weight for the individual species. Your vet should be able to find medical references to determine the correct dosage.
Harkness DVM and J. While online sources suggest 0. In the paste, it is indicated by a percentage by weight of the total.Ivermectin is commonly used in both dogs and cats for a variety of different diseases. It is used to treat various type of parasitic infections. Both internal and external parasites are frequently treated successfully with Ivermectin.
In addition, it is used in many commonly available heartworm prevention medicines, such as Heartgard Plus and others. In many cases, the safety of Ivermectin is directly related to the dosage administered. As with many drugs, higher dosages tend to have higher risks of complications and potential side effects associated. Ivermectin is used in many dosage ranges, depending on the purpose of its usage.
Dosages used for preventing heartworm infections are generally relatively low, with little risk of side effects. However, for most dogs, Ivermectin is considered to be a relatively safe medication when used appropriately. The purpose of Ivermectin is to kill parasites.
It does this by causing neurological damage to the parasite. This damage results in paralysis and death to the parasite, thus eliminating it from the pet's body. There are some dog breeds that are genetically sensitive to the medication.
Their genetic mutation allows the Ivermectin to pass through the dog's blood-brain barrier. It then enters the dog's central nervous system, which can be fatal to the animal. Before administering this to your dog, check with your veterinarian and make sure that your dog breed can safely use Ivermectin.
In dogs, the risk of side effects associated with Ivermectin depends on the dosage, the susceptibility of the individual dog, and on the presence of heartworm microfilaria a larval form of the heartworm. When used at a low dose for heartworm prevention in a dog free of heartworms, Ivermectin is relatively safe.
At higher doses which may be used for treating other parasitic infections, the risk of side effects increases. Potential side effects include:. When used in a dog infected with heartworms, a shock-like reaction believed to be caused by dying microfilaria can occur. Dogs testing positive for heartworms should be observed closely for at least eight hours following the administration of Ivermectin. Neurotoxicity can also occur with Ivermectin usage in some dogs.
This is particularly common in dogs that have a genetic mutation known as the MDR1 multi-drug resistance gene mutation. This gene mutation is known to occur most commonly in breeds such as collies, Australian shepherds, shelties, long-haired whippets, English sheepdogsGerman shepherds, Silken Windhounds, Skye terriers, and other breeds with white feet. Symptoms of neurotoxicity include lack of coordination, muscle tremors, seizures, blindness, and death, thus earning the motto "white feet, do not treat" with Ivermectin.
Ivermectin used at dosages used for heartworm prevention is generally safe for these dogs.Injecting Kunekune Pigs
However, the drug should not be used at higher doses for dogs that may possess the MDR1 gene mutation.Ivermectin and Fenbendazole.
Pigs can and do get parasites, including worms. Ivermectin is used to treat mange mites scabieslice, roundworms, lungworms, threadworms in swine. Fenbendazole treats tapeworms, whipworms, roundworms and hookworms. Swine performance is influenced by internal parasites, most dramatically in the young, growing pig. Parasites reside in the stomach and intestinal tract of the pig, causing irritation, impaction, indigestion and lack of appetite.
Parasites cause loss of nutrients from feed consumed by competing with the host, and by causing poor digestion, gut ulceration and even blood loss. Even small numbers of the large roundworm Ascaris suum can depress feed intake and daily gain and cause a depression in gain:feed ratio. Some worm parasites may be found in the lungs, where they interfere with respiration.
This in turn may result in pneumonia. Pigs should be dewormed on a regular basis for internal and external parasites usually every months. Some vets may have you treat more than Cathy recommends based on your particular circumstances. Each medication has separate doses and their own time frame in which they need to be given in order to be effective and treat the parasite efficiently.
Both of these medications are safe and effective, both can be used in pregnant pigs, but not recommended in piglets under 6 weeks of age. These parasites are common in the pigs environment, especially those that root and graze or spend time outdoors.
They can contract parasites from soil, grazing, other pets, other pigs, eating bugs including earth worms or mealwormscontact with hay, even if pig parents have horses, work in a barn or come into contact with other species that can host these parasites, they could possibly bring parasites to their indoor pigs.
Many of the parasites will not show up on a fecal exam especially if they have invaded organ systems as some do. These are classic signs of worms and mange, every pig is different and will present with different clinical signs, please see examples below. Symptoms may include the following: Coughing Loss of body condition or poor growth Hairy pigs Vomiting Blood in feces but rarely Anemia Diarrhea Bloated or distended belly. Possible types of worms based on symptoms: Coughing — consider lungworm but only if the environment could give access to earth worms or beetles.
Ascarid larvae as they migrate through the lungs can increase the incidence of pneumonia and coughing. Wasting — round worms, coccidia, kidney worms or Balantidium coli.
Blood in the urine-kidney worms. Blood in the feces-coccidiosis, trichuris infection. Anemic pigs — stomach worms. Do NOT use paste wormers, they are too difficult to accurately dose. This medication should be used in combination with fenbendazole to ensure ALL parasites are eliminated. With a small syringe, dose 0. Your pig will need 2 doses, 14 days apart. Repeat these 2 doses every months if your pig grazes, lives outdoors or is exposed to other pigs. Make sure you check the expiration date on purchase and make a note of when it expires.
Typically this is 2 years after purchase. The injectible formula tastes bitter given orally so mix with food to cover the taste. Mix with yogurt, canned pumpkin, apple sauce or squirt into a piece of bread, Oreo cookie, into a strawberry, grape or spongy type food that can absorb the liquid. This medication can be used in pregnant pigs, but its not recommended for piglets under 6 weeks old.
Fenbendazole — for tapeworms,whipworms, ascarids.Ascariasis caused by Ascaris suum is found in association with pigs. People who raise pigs or use raw pig manure as fertilizer may be at risk for infection with Ascaris suum. Many infected pigs do not have any symptoms at all and people may not be aware that their pigs are infected.
Resources for Health Professionals
Contact with pigs should be investigated as a potential cause of ascariasis upon diagnosis in humans. Ascariasis is treated with albendazole, mebendazole, or ivermectin. Dosage is the same for children as for adults. Albendazole should be taken with food. Ivermectin should be taken on an empty stomach with water. Albendazole is not FDA-approved for treating ascariasis, and the safety of ivermectin for treating children who weigh less than 15 kg has not been established. Albendazole is pregnancy category C.
Data on the use of albendazole in pregnant women are limited, though the available evidence suggests no difference in congenital abnormalities in the children of women who were accidentally treated with albendazole during mass prevention campaigns compared with those who were not. In mass prevention campaigns for which the World Health Organization WHO has determined that the benefit of treatment outweighs the risk, WHO allows use of albendazole in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy.
However, the risk of treatment in pregnant women who are known to have an infection needs to be balanced with the risk of disease progression in the absence of treatment. Pregnancy Category C: Either studies in animals have revealed adverse effects on the fetus teratogenic or embryocidal, or other and there are no controlled studies in women or studies in women and animals are not available. Drugs should be given only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. It is not known whether albendazole is excreted in human milk.
Albendazole should be used with caution in breastfeeding women. The safety of albendazole in children less than 6 years old is not certain. Studies of the use of albendazole in children as young as one year old suggest that its use is safe. According to WHO guidelines for mass prevention campaigns, albendazole can be used in children as young as 1 year old.
Many children less than 6 years old have been treated in these campaigns with albendazole, albeit at a reduced dose. Mebendazole is in pregnancy category C. Data on the use of mebendazole in pregnant women are limited. The available evidence suggests no difference in congenital anomalies in the children of women who were treated with mebendazole during mass treatment programs compared with those who were not.
In mass treatment programs for which the World Health Organization WHO has determined that the benefit of treatment outweighs the risk, WHO allows use of mebendazole in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The risk of treatment in pregnant women who are known to have an infection needs to be balanced with the risk of disease progression in the absence of treatment.
It is not known whether mebendazole is excreted in breast milk. The WHO classifies mebendazole as compatible with breastfeeding and allows the use of mebendazole in lactating women. The safety of mebendazole in children has not been established. There is limited data in children age 2 years and younger. Mebendazole is listed as an intestinal antihelminthic medicine on the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children, intended for the use of children up to 12 years of age.
Ivermectin is pregnancy category C. Data on the use of ivermectin in pregnant women are limited, though the available evidence suggests no difference in congenital abnormalities in the children of women who were accidentally treated during mass prevention campaigns with ivermectin compared with those who were not.
Ivermectin is excreted in low concentrations in human milk. Ivermectin should be used in breast-feeding women only when the risk to the infant is outweighed by the risk of disease progress in the mother in the absence of treatment. The safety of ivermectin in children who weigh less than 15kg has not been demonstrated. According to the WHO guidelines for mass prevention campaigns, children who are at least 90 cm tall can be treated safely with ivermectin. Contact Us.Discussion in ' Pigs ' started by WillowyndDec 5, Log in or Sign up.
Welcome to the Homesteading Today Forum and Community! Dec 5, 1. Messages: 4, I got a PB pig yesterday and he has mange. I bought some 1.
I think he is about 50 lbs and if I went by horse dose, then one notch would be all he needs. Can someone give me the dose for the paste? All I can find is the dose for the injectible to give orally. WillowyndDec 5, Dec 5, 2. Messages: MissyMooDec 5, Dec 5, 3. For horses it says each marking is for lbs of hourse- 5 notches between Last edited: Dec 5, Dec 5, 4. Dec 5, 5. Yes, PB pigs get mange. No, I don't think it is lice as you can usually see lice if you look closely From the description I read on mange- it looks like that.
Irritated looking skin and areas that are scabby where they scratch it so much- and they are constantly itching. The skin around the eyes is also swollen and red and somewhat thickened. It is not over his entire body, but a good bit of it- legs, belly, chest and "armpits" and face and head.
His back and behind is clear. I gave him some benedryl and that has helped him be not quite so itchy, but that only treats the itching itself and not the condition. I went ahead and gave him 2 notches as ivermectin is safe in larger doses I found out and it is possible he is more than 50 lbs anyways. I was thinking it would be better to overdose a bit than to underdose and not have it clear it up. Dec 8, 6.The originating document has been archived. We cannot confirm the completeness, accuracy and currency of the content.
One low-volume dose effectively treats and controls the following internal and external parasites that may impair the health of cattle and swine: gastrointestinal roundworms including inhibited Ostertagia ostertagi in cattlelungworms, grubs, sucking lice and mange mites of cattle; and gastrointestinal roundworms, lungworms, lice and mange mites of swine. Ivermectin is derived from the avermectins, a family of potent, broad-spectrum antiparasitic agents isolated from fermentation of Streptomyces avermitilis.
Ivermectin is a member of the macrocyclic lactone class of endectocides which have a unique mode of action. Compounds of the class bind selectively and with high affinity to glutamate-gated chloride ion channels which occur in invertebrate nerve and muscle cells. This leads to an increase in the permeability of the cell membrane to chloride ions with hyperpolarization of the nerve or muscle cell, resulting in paralysis and death of the parasite.
Compounds of this class may also interact with other ligand-gated chloride channels, such as those gated by the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid GABA. The wide margin of safety is attributable to the fact that mammals do not have glutamate-gated chloride channels, the macrocyclic lactones have a low affinity for other mammalian ligand-gated chloride channels and they do not readily cross the blood-brain barrier.
OstertagiO. Colubriformis, Cooperia Oncophora, C. Punctata, C. Spathiger adults Only. Large roundworm, Ascaris suum; Red stomach worm, Hyostrongylus rubidus; Nodular worm, Oesophagostomum spp. Sows must be treated at least seven days before farrowing to prevent infection in piglets. Animals should be appropriately restrained to achieve the proper route of administration. Inject under the loose skin in front of or behind the shoulder see illustration.
Any single-dose syringe or standard automatic syringe equipment may be used with the 50 mL package size. When using the mL or mL package size, use only automatic syringe equipment. At the time of initiating any parasite control program, it is important to treat all breeding animals in the herd. Louse infestations developing from hatching eggs may require retreatment.I just wanted to say thank you so much for all the wonderful information.
My 2 piggies are a bit bigger than potbellies. Spig, my 6-year-old female is about pounds, redhaired, feisty I said redhead, didn't I?
Shadow, 4. I wormed them both, orally with Noromectin, for the first time 2 weeks ago, and they both had more energy instantly.
I just discovered what I believe from doing some research to be mange on Shadow's tail and right rear foot. It's crusty and scaly, although I haven't seen him scratching. Regardless, after reading your article above and many others on mange, I'm going to reworm him with the same oral dose 1ml per 50 pounds of body weight of Noromectin, tomorrow.
I never give them dry food, so mixing the Noromectin with the food isn't an issue. I'm so happy I found your site! Thank you! Jim Sapps Still, Georgia. Can I use dog wormer? And will the mites go on my dogs and cats? And our pig sleeps in our bed. Is the mites in our bed and will they stay?
We have a rash on us now. How do we get them gone out of our bed? I am also interested in these questions and looking for answers that would be great. The answer to the mites is yes they can i just happen to find out the hard way if you get them from your pig it is scabbies and you have to wrap your bed in plastic for 5 days and spray all furniture with lice spray and vacuum and put a cream on your skin and al kinds of stuff.
I ordered Ivomec and they sent me injectable. Can I give that orally instead?
Yes that is what we use to give orally. You will need a needle and syringe to get it out of the bottle. Wow I'm so happy I found this site I am all off the above but on round two I believed it was there hair. Thanks for the advice.
I did not want to inject my pig Leroy with ivermectin again as it really upset him so i will now give it orally. The vet said it would not work but i now believe it will. Your advice is apprecciated. Wondering how long after we have treated with the Ivomec Pre-mix for Swine should it take for the pigs to be clear of the worms?
If I was to look at using the dectomax injectable, can I use this as a pour on instead? Just wondering what the rate would be?
Been dealing with mange on my Lola.