I stopped PEP with 1 day to go. In the last week and half, my body has been recovering from the effects of PEP and my energy levels are back up again. This week I started my fitness training after stopping for 5 weeks and had a fairly intensive session on Thursday and Saturday with my body coping very well.
However, I have noticed a mild cold chill in my middle back and lower stomach in the last 2 or 3 nights with some sweating whilst sleeping. I am otherwise feeling quite well and healthy. Could these be the initial signs of primary HIV infection, with perhaps the other classic symptoms showing up in the coming weeks? Would appreciate your comments please and particularly if you have experience of this. Many thanks.
Read 8 Responses. Follow - 1. Correct me if i am wrong. Thanks for your comments. I took pep for exactly 27 days. I am very clear about the testing after pep and the wait goes on.
I am not convinced about the testing at 6 weeks if 3 months will be conclusive but my question wasn't about testing, it was; Could these be the initial signs of primary HIV infection, with perhaps the other classic symptoms showing up in the coming weeks?
Especially from anyone who has experience in this. Thanks a lot for your comments. You have provided a direct answer to my question and I assume that you have good knowledge of cold chills. My feeling is that the cold chill in my back may be connected to the pep toxiticy but I am not sure. I will see how things progress over the next 2 weeks. On testing then, when you say 6 weeks. Is that from time of exposure which in my case will be any day this week or from completion of pep which will be in 4 weeks time?
Kind Regards. Liz and halfoldman Thanks a lot for your responses which really gives some value to this forum. Even if PEP didn't work the viral activity in the new host would still have been heavily limited in the 4 week period and seroconversion delayed.
It feels logical that the clock should start at the end of PEP but I am no expert on this. I would seek some advice from my doctor this week but I would like to wait a little before testing since I am currently not experiencing any symptoms of seroconversion. Notify me of new activity on this question.
Join this community. Ask a Question. Top HIV Answerers. Expert Activity.These special cells help the immune system fight off infections. This damage to the immune system makes it harder and harder for the body to fight off infections and some other diseases.
Opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS if not treated. So once you get HIV, you have it for life. Untreated, HIV reduces the number of CD4 cells T cells in the body, making the person more likely to get other infections or infection-related cancers.
These opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS, the last stage of HIV infection. No effective cure currently exists, but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. If it stays undetectable, they can live long, healthy lives and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex.
Today, someone diagnosed with HIV and treated before the disease is far advanced can live nearly as long as someone who does not have HIV. Scientists identified a type of chimpanzee in Central Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans.
They believe that the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus called simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV most likely was transmitted to humans and mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood. Studies show that HIV may have jumped from apes to humans as far back as the late s.
Over decades, the virus slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world. We know that the virus has existed in the United States since at least the mid to late s.
Medicine to treat HIV, known as antiretroviral therapy ARThelps people at all stages of the disease if taken as prescribed. Treatment can slow or prevent progression from one stage to the next. Within 2 to 4 weeks after infection with HIV, people may experience a flu-like illness, which may last for a few weeks. When people have acute HIV infection, they have a large amount of virus in their blood and are very contagious. If you think you have been exposed to HIV through sex or drug use and you have flu-like symptoms, seek medical care and ask for a test to diagnose acute infection.
During this phase, HIV is still active but reproduces at very low levels. People may not have any symptoms or get sick during this time.
However, people who take HIV medicine as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load or stay virally suppressed have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to their HIV-negative sexual partners. As this happens, the person may begin to have symptoms as the virus levels increase in the body, and the person moves into Stage 3. People with AIDS have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic illnesses. Without treatment, people with AIDS typically survive about 3 years.
Common symptoms of AIDS include chills, fever, sweats, swollen lymph glands, weakness, and weight loss. People with AIDS can have a high viral load and be very infectious. The only way to know for sure whether you have HIV is to get tested. Knowing your status is important because it helps you make healthy decisions to prevent getting or transmitting HIV. Some people may experience a flu-like illness within 2 to 4 weeks after infection Stage 1 HIV infection.
But some people may not feel sick during this stage. Flu-like symptoms include fever, chills, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, or mouth ulcers. These symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks.
During this time, HIV infection may not show up on an HIV test, but people who have it are highly infectious and can spread the infection to others.People with HIV are at high risk of serious influenza-related complications.
CDC estimates that about 1. People with HIV are at higher risk of developing serious flu-related complicationsespecially those who have a very low CD4 cell count very suppressed immune system or who are not taking medicine to treat HIV called antiretroviral therapy, or ART.
Because they are at high risk of serious flu-related complications it is especially important that people living with HIV get a flu shot annually. This page addresses recommendations related to flu shots for people with HIV and the use of influenza antiviral drugs in people living with HIV. If you have HIV, you are at high risk of developing serious flu-related complications, in addition to taking ART, the best way to prevent flu is by getting a flu shot.
Note: While people with HIV may still mount an immune response to flu vaccination, people with advanced HIV disease may not respond as well. Doctors may consider using influenza antiviral drugs for prevention in some cases. If you get sick with flu symptoms call your doctor right away.
There are antiviral drugs that can treat flu illness and prevent serious flu complications. These drugs work best the sooner they are started. CDC recommends prompt treatment for people who have flu infection or suspected flu infection and who are at high risk of serious flu complications, such as people living with HIV. Flu symptoms include cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue, often with fever. However, some people with the flu can have respiratory symptoms without a fever.
These lists are not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptom that is severe or concerning. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Influenza Flu. Section Navigation. Minus Related Pages. On This Page. What is HIV. Learn More.
Night Sweats as a Symptom of HIV
Additional Resources. What CDC Does. To receive weekly email updates about Seasonal Flu, enter your email address: Email Address. What's this? Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.The HIV virus multiplies and slowly begins to destroy the CD4 lymphocytes T-cellswhich are the white blood cells that are important to help fight off infections. The immune system weakens progressively over time and becomes susceptible to bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic infections, also called "opportunistic" infections.
Antiretroviral therapy ART is the backbone of HIV treatment today and is necessary to help prevent possible life-threatening opportunistic infections and AIDS-related illnesses and cancers. The severity of the immune system damage is measured by a CD4 lymphocyte white blood cell count.
HIV may be initially diagnosed when these patients present to the doctor to the first time with one of these infections or cancers. It is common to develop a brief flu-like illness 2 to 6 weeks after being infected with HIV. The symptoms may include:.
These symptoms are similar to many other diseases and may not be recognized as HIV infection initially. Initial infection with the HIV virus may produce little to no symptoms.
The length of time between initial HIV infection and the development of AIDS varies greatly and some people may remain without symptoms for years. Many people remain symptom free for 10 years or longer but during this time the virus continues to multiply and destroy their immune cells for people who are not on antiretroviral therapy ART. However, even though a person does not have symptoms, they can still transmit the virus to others.
The Centers for Disease Control CDC states the following may be warning signs of HIV infection but cautions that any of these symptoms can be related to other illnesses. During the last phase of HIV, which can occur up to 10 or 11 years after the initial infection, the immune system will have been severely damaged, making the body highly susceptible to a large number of bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic also called opportunistic infections. People with HIV infection are also at greater risk of developing certain cancers, especially Kaposi's sarcoma, cervical cancer and lymphoma.
Many other illnesses and corresponding symptoms may develop in addition to those listed here:. The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of infections known as opportunistic infections OIs that do not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems.
OIs are less common today because of advances in HIV treatments and the ability to help keep a person's immune system stronger. As reported inabout 12, children, teens and young adults in the U. Common symptoms due to HIV in a child can vary depending upon age infant, child, or adolescent. Most babies with HIV appear healthy at birth, but if the condition is left undiagnosed and untreated, signs or symptoms may appear within 2 to 3 months.
Due to advances in treatment, children who are diagnosed and receive appropriate medical care and medications early in life can have similar positive outcomes as seen in adults. As with adults, antiretroviral therapy ART is a key component of managing symptoms, opportunistic infections, and reducing the risk of transmission.
Tuberculosis is a common opportunistic infection that predominantly affects the lungs. However, it can spread through the blood and affect the larynx, lymph nodes, brain, kidneys, or bones in people with HIV. TB in the lungs causes a long-term cough that may produce blood and may also cause fever, weight loss, tiredness, and night sweats.
If the test is positive, a chest X-ray and other tests will determine if the infection is active.I don't think I've ever in my life taken a cold seriously. Sure, I stock up on meds and snacks while I hibernate under the covers, but my healthcare regimen usually stops there.
Is that a thing? Unfortunately, yes. Some STD symptoms are frighteningly similar to cold symptoms, which is why you shouldn't necessarily brush off every fever and ache. If, like me, wish it were easier to tell the difference between STDs and a cold, Dr. Prince is here to explain why some symptoms might be similar. This response usually manifests as flu-like symptoms such as chills, fever, body aches, loss of appetite, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
I suppose that's reasonable. But have you ever been sick and Googled your symptoms? I'm pretty sure after that, you thought you had two weeks to live because same. That's why it's important to know that while some symptoms might be similar, there are others that might indicate a more serious infection. According to Dr. Prince, "Unlike the common cold, HIV and hepatitis infections usually overpower the immune system and continue to attack," which means that eventually you'll experience symptoms that feel more severe.
If this news feels a bit overwhelming, I'm right there with you. So to help you make sense of it all, I asked Dr. Prince and Dr. Duke to break down exactly what HIV, hepatitis, and gonorrhea might look like. The body's initial reaction to the HIV infection looks a lot like the flu, which makes sense since HIV stands for "human immunodeficiency virus.
Other HIV symptoms include a sore throat, coughing, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes.Perspiration is the body's natural response whenever it is overheated, emotionally or physically stressed, or impacted by a disease-causing agent such as HIV.
In some people, this can occur spontaneously and without apparent reason a condition called hyperhidrosis. In others, it occurs specifically and profusely at night. This is something we call "night sweats," or, more specifically, sleep hyperhidrosis. Night sweats differ from regular perspiration in that they occur without exercise and almost entirely when sleeping. Furthermore, they can be extremely profuse, soaking through bedclothes, bed sheets and even blankets.
Night sweats have numerous possible causes, ranging from common hormonal changes in women to more severe manifestations of HIV infection. It's important to note, however, that night sweats alone—without other symptoms such as fever, weight loss or diarrhea—are not a common manifestation of HIV.
Chills Without Fever As A Sign Of Hiv
Night sweats do, however, warrant investigation, as well as an HIV test should you be at risk of infection or have other symptoms.
HIV especially causes night sweats during the acute illness that takes place with seroconversion the period during which an antibody becomes evident in the blood. Night sweats are almost always accompanied by other symptoms of HIV including fever, diarrhea, weight loss, enlarged lymph nodes, and joint pain, and rarely if ever occur as a lone symptom of HIV. Night sweats aren't something that's treated directly; rather, the underlying cause has to be addressed. To help your doctor identify the underlying cause, ask yourself:.
And while you're at it, consider taking an HIV test if you haven't done so. The worst thing about night sweats is they can be incredibly uncomfortable and unnerving. If you awaken in the middle of the night soaked in perspiration, here are a few things you can do:.
If your night sweats are severe or increasing in frequency, they may be indicative of a life-threatening illness. Be sure to contact your doctor right away so testing and treatment can begin. The presence of night sweats has no direct correlation to disease progression or life expectancy in people with HIV.
Rather, night sweats may suggest an underlying condition that may have poor health outcomes. If you have unexplained night sweats, talk to your doctor right away. Do not self-diagnose or dismiss your symptoms, as there is no such thing as "normal" night sweats.
Get it checked today, if only for peace of mind. Get information on prevention, symptoms, and treatment to better ensure a long and healthy life. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Reviewed August 14, National Sleep Foundation. Four Common Causes of Night Sweats. Nocturnal sweating--a common symptom of obstructive sleep apnoea: the icelandic sleep apnoea cohort.
BMJ Open.It can take HIV symptoms years to appear—sometimes even longer—after infection. In the early stages of HIV infection, the most common symptoms are none.
Here are some signs that are vastly overlooked in people aged 30 and over, that may reveal a positive HIV status:. One of the first signs of ARS can be a mild fever, up to about degrees F. The fever, if it occurs at all, is often accompanied by other usually mild symptoms, such as fatigue, swollen lymph glands, and a sore throat. At this point the virus is moving into the bloodstream and starting to replicate in large numbers.
As that happens, there is an inflammatory reaction by the immune system. Fatigue The inflammatory response generated by your besieged immune system also can cause you to feel tired and lethargic. Fatigue can be both an early and later sign of HIV. Achy muscles, joint pain, swollen lymph nodes. ARS is often mistaken for the flu, mononucleosis, or another viral infection, even syphilis or hepatitis. Many of them are located in your armpit, groin, and neck.
As with other symptoms, sore throat and headache can often be recognized as ARS only in context. Get tested for your own sake and for others: HIV is most infectious in the earliest stage. It can take a few weeks to a few months for HIV antibodies to show in a blood test. Investigate other test options such as one that detects viral RNA, typically within nine days of infection. Continue Reading.
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